Types of Fishing Bait Explained

Posted on May 11 2018

Types of Fishing Bait Explained

By Benjamin Wentworth

A common question among new and old anglers that we get is relating to the differences in types of bait, and what to use them for. We broke down all the live bait that we carry to explain what they are, what they're used for, and how to care for them them.

Wax Worms:

Galleria Mellonella

One of our most popular baits for trout, as well as ice fishing baits for panfish. Used year round by anglers for almost any small species of fish.


Also have been known as bee moths. These soft creamy white worms have grublike bodies and are dry to the touch. Wax worms can be a challenge bait to keep alive. Most refrigerators are usually kept at the 40° F range. If you're planning on keeping them for a week or two it's best if you can store your wax worms in a crisper or butter tray which are usually slightly warmer, or you can always keep them at room temperature. Do not add any feed or water to this bait. While they are in this larva stage they live off their own body fat and do not eat. Any food you provide will go uneaten, grow mold, and kill them. Keep them dry. Do not store any place humid or with condensation.


Can be challenging to keep alive.

Store at 45-65° F.

Used For:



Chilecomadia Moorei

Also known as tebro worms or trevo worms. Just like wax worms they are Larvae of the Chilean moth. They were given the name “Butterworms” because of their high calcium content. This is the most popular bait we have for trout fishing hands down. A great alternative to the traditional wax worms due to their size and color and much easier to keep than wax worms. Like wax worms, they live off their own body fat and do not eat. Do not feed or water them. Keep as dry as possible.


Easy to care for and much hardier than wax worms.

Refrigerate at 35-50° F.


Meal Worms:

Tenebrio Molitort

Mealworms are the larval form of the adult darkling beetle , gold or red colored, with a hard outer shell. A great bait that stays on a hook better than other softer larvae baits like butter and wax worms. Can be a great bait for any smaller fish species. They are as hardy and easy to keep as any bait you will find.


Extremely easy to keep alive under almost any conditions.

Refrigerate at 35-65° F.



Calliohora Vicina

Spikes are Maggots. They are used for bait typically in cooler water temperatures especially in the winter and spring. A popular bait for trout anglers and also ice fishing anglers for panfish.


Can be challenging to keep alive for long periods of time.

Refrigerate at 35-50° F.


Red Worms:

Eisenia Hortensis

Also known as euro worms, Belgian worms, Belgian reds, minis, and reds. A small skinny looking nightcrawler used for small fish species like trout and panfish. Red worms are easy to care for and can be used in any environment including ice fishing, brackish waters, and fresh water. They attract fish due to their lively movement and are comenly used residentially for composting.


Easy to keep

Refrigerate at 35-45° F.


Night Crawlers:

Lumbricus Terrestris


Easily the most popular live bait on the market today. Not much explanation needed for this bait. Commonly referred to as Earthworms or Dew worms. They can be used for any freshwater fishing application and can catch almost any species of fish that they happen to go in front of.


Easy to keep

Refrigerate at 35-45° F.



Lumbricus Terrestris

Basically just a smaller size of the regular nightcrawler. Due to their size they can be an easier alternative while fishing with children for panfish as they can be used one a time. Commonly referred to as Earthworms or Dew worms.


Easy to keep

Refrigerate at 35-45° F


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